Pembina Institute

Publications

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Correspondence concerning President Obama's Keystone XL "climate test"

Received under an Access to Information request

Published Nov. 29, 2013

By Government of Canada (Department of Foreign Affairs)

Email correspondence concerning U.S. President Obama's Keystone XL "climate test" from staff at Canada's embassy in Washington.

Context for climate action in Canada

Published Oct. 9, 2013

By Clare Demerse, P.J. Partington

This backgrounder focuses on the role of the oil and gas sector in Canada’s national greenhouse gas emission profile.

Published Aug. 26, 2013

By Government of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)

Briefing notes prepared by Natural Resources Canada for Minister Joe Oliver, relevant to the consideration of the Keystone XL pipeline proposal.

The climate implications of the proposed Keystone XL oilsands pipeline

Published Jan. 17, 2013

By Nathan Lemphers

This backgrounder features new analysis showing that producing enough bitumen to fill the Keystone XL pipeline would lead to a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions, and inhibit Canada’s ability to meet its climate targets.

Challenges to exporting Canadian oilsands crude overseas

An overview of significant short-term barriers and market uncertainties facing Canadian oilsands exports

Challenges to exporting Canadian oilsands crude overseas

Published Feb. 24, 2012

By Nathan Lemphers

There are several barriers that make exporting Canadian oilsands to overseas markets (and most notably Asian markets) a challenging prospect in the near future.

This briefing note discusses the most likely options to transport oilsands beyond the American Midwest, where the export market is currently saturated with oilsands exports and new Bakken shale oil production. These options include additional pipelines to the West (Enbridge Northern Gateway and Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain) and to the East (Enbridge Trailbreaker), as well as rail transport.

Pipeline and Tanker Trouble

The impact to British Columbia's communities, rivers, and Pacific coastline from tar sands oil transport

Pipeline and Tanker Trouble

Published Nov. 29, 2011

By Living Oceans Society, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), Nathan Lemphers

This report highlights the environmental risks associated with the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline, which would carry more than half a million barrels of raw oilsands crude oil (known as bitumen) daily across important salmon-bearing rivers, coastal rainforests, and sensitive marine waters in British Columbia.

Keystone XL in context: oilsands and environmental management

Two decades of ineffective policies have left their mark on the Canadian landscape

Keystone XL in context: oilsands and environmental management

Published Sept. 22, 2011

By Jennifer Grant, Nathan Lemphers, Lindsay Fischer

Filling the proposed KXL pipeline with oilsands will result in nearly a 50 per cent increase in oilsands production. Until environmental management of the oilsands is improved, KXL will cause significant environmental harm due to increased oilsands production.

These briefing materials provide a summary on the impact of oilsands development on land, species at risk, First Nations, water and tailings and greenhouse gases.

Oilsands and climate change

How Canada's oilsands are standing in the way of effective climate action

Oilsands and climate change

Published Sept. 16, 2011

By Marc Huot, Nathan Lemphers, Lindsay Fischer

The Final Environmental Impact Statement for the pipeline issued by the U.S. Department of State overlooked key information and context on greenhouse gas emission management in Canada. In fact, a close inspection of Canada's climate record illustrates key weaknesses at the federal level as well as in Alberta.

This fact sheet and briefing note aim to supplement the dialogue by providing key information on oilsands emissions growth, future oilsands intensity improvements, and the climate policies in effect in Canada at the provincial and federal levels.

Is natural gas a climate change solution for Canada?

Published July 14, 2011

By Matthew Bramley

This in-depth study, prepared by the Pembina Institute and the David Suzuki Foundation, explores the significance, benefits and impacts of the recent surge in natural gas production in North America, particularly in light of the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the fight against climate change.

Comparing the Offshore Drilling Regulatory Regimes of the Canadian Arctic, the U.S., the U.K., Greenland, and Norway

Published June 22, 2011

By Peggy Holroyd, Nathan Lemphers, Jennifer Dagg, Benjamin Thibault, Randy Lucas, Chris Severson-Baker, Steve Kennett, James Leaton, Ben Wheeler

This report compares Canada's Arctic offshore drilling regulatory regime with the regimes of the U.S., the U.K., Greenland, and Norway. The study was initiated by the National Energy Board as part of its Arctic Offshore Drilling Review.

The link between Keystone XL and Canadian oilsands production

Published April 4, 2011

By Danielle Droitsch

The proposed Keystone XL pipeline would connect the Canadian oilsands to the U.S. Gulf Coast market. Given the size, scope and market potential of the Keystone project, it would likely result in increased oilsands production.

Published Jan. 31, 2011

By Nathan Lemphers, Danielle Droitsch

This briefing note draws from a recent Pembina Institute analysis of the likelihood of near term opportunities for oilsands exports from Canada to Asia via the West Coast. 

Published Jan. 31, 2011

By Dan Woynillowicz, Jeremy Moorhouse, Danielle Droitsch

This backgrounder provides a general overview of life cycle assessment and examines the various analyses of oilsands greenhouse gas emissions conducted to date, and concludes with a recommended checklist for performing a robust life cycle assessment of oilsands greenhouse gas emissions to inform public policy decisions. 

Published Dec. 6, 2010

By Government of Canada (Environment Canada)

The Pembina Institute submitted an Access to Information request to Environment Canada, requesting correspondence on the subect of the Low-Carbon Fuel Standard.

Tackling emissions from industry

Federal regulation of industrial greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, and the implications for Canada

Tackling emissions from industry

Published Dec. 2, 2010

By P.J. Partington

In the face of new regulations on large industrial facilities along with significant uncertainty posed by legal and legislative challenges in the U.S., Canada urgently needs to implement a comprehensive greenhouse gas reduction plan of its own.

Published Nov. 29, 2010

By Government of Canada (Department of Foreign Affairs)

The Pembina Institute submitted an Access to Information request to the Foreign Affairs department, requesting correspondence on the subject of Section 526 of the 2007 U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act — a little known U.S. law, which is intended to reduce the U.S. federal government's reliance on high-carbon fuels.

Canadian Oilsands and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Published July 30, 2010

By Marc Huot, Danielle Droitsch, P.J. Partington

This briefing note outlines key information about greenhouse gas emissions from Canada's oilsands today and in the future. Recent attention to the issue of greenhouse gases in Canada and the U.S. prompted the Pembina Institute to outline key issues in more detail.

The American Power Act

An Analysis of the May 2010 Discussion Draft

The American Power Act

Published June 10, 2010

By Danielle Droitsch, Clare Demerse

In May 2010 U.S. Senators John Kerry and Joe Lieberman published a draft piece of legislation called the American Power Act, which would set U.S. national greenhouse gas emission targets and establish an economy-wide cap-and-trade system. This briefing note describes some of the provisions of particular significance for Canada.

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