Why Methane Matters

Research is bringing into focus the importance of reducing the amount of methane in the atmosphere. Methane (CH4) is a short-lived but very strong greenhouse gas – 80 times stronger than carbon dioxide when it is initially emitted. Carbon dioxide remains in the atmosphere for long time, so it affects how warm the planet gets, while the quantity of the more powerful methane controls how fast that warming happens. Methane is responsible for 25% of current warming.


Methane is the main component of natural gas. Globally, the oil and gas sector is the largest industrial source of methane. In Canada, nearly $550 million worth of methane leaked from oil and gas operations, enough gas to heat every household in Montréal for a year.


Inexpensive, proven technologies exist to reduce methane emissions, but regulations requiring industry to act vary widely. Alberta’s Climate Leadership Plan set a target to reduce oil and gas methane emissions by 45% by 2025. The Federal government and British Columbia have followed suit.

Mexico, Canada and the U.S. are three of the world’s largest oil and gas producing nations and represent nearly 20% of global oil and gas methane pollution. In 2016, the three countries jointly agreed to reduce their methane emissions by 45% by 2025. Furthermore, 19 nations in the UN-sponsored Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) recognized methane reductions as “the next big climate opportunity” and agreed to implement policies to minimize emissions of this powerful pollutant from their oil and gas sectors in November 2016. However, in the U.S. the Trump administration is calling U.S. commitment to reducing or federally regulating methane emissions into serious question.

Recent blogs

Eight ways to improve Canada’s methane management regulations Aligning methane rules across North America

Sept. 13, 2017 - By Andrew Read, Duncan Kenyon

Regulations will be critical to reducing current and future methane releases from Canada’s oil and gas industry. These draft regulations incorporated lessons from methane regulations implemented in the U.S.

The best path for methane management A smart policy will evolve with changing data and technology

July 20, 2017 - By Andrew Read, Duncan Kenyon

There’s a lot of commotion around preventing methane (better known as natural gas) from leaking or being otherwise wasted in the oil and gas industry these days. There’s good reason for that.

The cost of managing methane emissions Investing 1.2% of oil and the gas industry’s production and expansion budget to address climate change is a bargain

June 21, 2017 - By Andrew Read, Duncan Kenyon

It is clear reducing methane through regulations would be highly cost effective. They demonstrate a real commitment to reducing Canada’s oil and gas sector's contribution to climate change and improve the sector's efficiency conserving an important energy resource.

Trudeau must hold the line on Canada’s new methane rules Proposal needs more meaningful rules and regulations

June 13, 2017 - By Ed Whittingham, Diane Regas

The proposed regulations are the only place in the national climate plan where oil and gas methane emissions are addressed, so it is crucial that we get them right.

Methane leaks in Alberta New data reveals troubling reality

May 3, 2017 - By Andrew Read

Actual emissions from Alberta’s oil and gas sector are significantly higher than industry reported, and cheap mitigation technologies to control leaks are not being deployed.

Methane regulations for Canada’s oil and gas sector A question of competitiveness

March 3, 2017 - By Duncan Kenyon

Now is the time to implement Canada’s commitment to reduce oil and gas methane emissions — not to give into the baseless idea that Canadian operations will be uncompetitive. 


Limiting Methane Pollution from B.C.’s Gas Sector A prime opportunity for stronger action on upstream emissions

May 8, 2018 - By Maximilian Kniewasser

Fulfilling the B.C. government’s commitment to balance LNG development with B.C.’s climate targets will require increasing ambition on methane emissions.

The state of methane regulations Regulations announced but not yet in place as of April 2018

April 19, 2018 - By Jan Gorski

An infographic on the state of methane regulations in Canada as of April 2018.

Estimate of lost sales from methane releases in the Alberta oil and gas sector Briefing note

Jan. 23, 2018 - By Andrew Read

Estimate of lost natural gas sales, royalty, and carbon levy from methane releases in the Alberta oil and gas sector.

North American Climate Leadership A road map for global action on methane

June 14, 2016 - By Environmental Defense Fund, Mario Molina Center, Pembina Institute

The United States, Canada and Mexico are three of the world’s largest oil and gas producing nations and are among the top five methane emitters.

Economic Analysis of Methane Emission Reduction Opportunities in the Canadian Oil and Natural Gas Industries

Oct. 5, 2015 - By ICF International

This report, commissioned by Environmental Defense Fund and released in partnership with the Pembina Institute, looks at the growth of methane emissions from Canada’s oil and gas industry and points to the most cost-effective approaches to reduce methane emissions.



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